ASEAN Haze and Peatland Programmes

The ASEAN Programme on Sustainable Management of Peatland Ecosystems (APSMPE 2014-2020) was endorsed by the Ninth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to AATHP (COP-9) held on 23 September 2013 in Surabaya, Indonesia, to support collaboration among various stakeholders (including government, private sector, communities and civil society) in the ASEAN region to achieve the goal of the ASEAN Peatland Management Strategy 2006-2020 (APMS), namely: To promote sustainable management of peatlands in the ASEAN region through collective actions and enhanced cooperation, support and sustain local livelihoods, reduce risk of fire and associated haze and contribute to global environmental management.

Six key targets for the APSMPE are as follows:

  1. All peatland areas in ASEAN identified and inventorised;
  2. Zero-burning uniformly practiced and controlled-burning only in exceptional cases to prevent any uncontrolled wildfires on peatlands, and eliminated any widespread smoke haze;
  3. Fire prone sites rehabilitated by focusing on root causes of fire;
  4. Peatlands sustainably managed, sustainable livelihoods enhanced, and sustainable economic use mainstreamed;
  5. Peatlands conserved to contribute to significantly reduced emissions of greenhouse gases and increased peatland biodiversity in the region; and,
  6. APMS and NAPPs implemented; national and regional capacity enhanced.

Since the endorsement of the APSMPE, a number of actions have been taken to further implement the APMS. At regional level, several ongoing projects and programmes are being implemented collaboratively with various partners and stakeholders to achieve the sustainable management of haze and peatlands.


To support ASEAN and ASEAN Member States (AMS) in achieving the objective of the ASEAN Peatland Management Strategy (APMS 2006-2020), the European Union (EU) and the Government of Germany implement a strategic programme called the Sustainable Use of Peatlands and Haze Mitigation in ASEAN (SUPA) since 2017.

The overall objective of SUPA is “to promote the sustainable management of peatlands in the ASEAN region through collective actions and to enhance cooperation to support and sustain local livelihoods, reduce the risk of fire and associated haze and contribute to global environmental management.”

The specific objective of SUPA is “to improve sustainable peatland management to mitigate the adverse impact of climate change in ASEAN, to manage risk of wild fires and reduce transboundary smoke haze.”

The expected results of SUPA are:


APSMPE, APMS, and NAPPs gradually implemented at local, national and regional level through enhanced capacity and identification of ASEAN peatland areas characterized by their degradation rate and their potential for rehabilitation and conservation


Significantly reduced peatland fires and associated haze through fire prevention and peatland rehabilitation


Integrated management of targeted peatlands to maintain ecological functions and biodiversity and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions


Peatlands are sustainably managed to enhance livelihood and maintain economic value

SUPA consists of 2 components, i.e. Component 1 or Peatland Governance (implemented by GIZ), and Component 2 or Non-State Actors (implemented by consortium of World Resource Institute Indonesia (WRI Indonesia), Tropical Rainforest Conservation & Research Centre (TRCRC), and IDH Sustainable Trade Initiative)”

Total budget of SUPA is EUR 24,556,000 (co-financed by EU and the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB)) for the duration of 60 months.

SUPA Component 1

SUPA Component 1 aims to strengthen ASEAN and AMS to implement APMS and NAPPs through capacity-building and institutional framework along with selected tangible demonstration activities on the ground, including strengthening regional co-operation through provision of technical and material support to regional institutions on sustainable peatland management (Peatland Governance)

For more details of SUPA Component 1, please download and refer to the factsheet.

SUPA Component 2

SUPA Component 2 aims to improve Non-State Actor (NSA) participation to strengthen community’s organisation and capacity on sustainable management of use of peatlands (NSA Participation). It involves a bottom-up approach, aiming at encouraging the participation of NSA, including non-governmental organisations (NGOs), academia and local communities, on sustainable peatland management under the guidance of APMS and NAPPs.

For more details of SUPA Component 2, please visit the



The Programme on “Measurable Action for Haze-Free Sustainable Land Management in Southeast Asia” or MAHFSA is a five-year joint initiative between ASEAN and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) to support efforts to reduce transboundary haze pollution and its impact in Southeast Asia.

Building on the IFAD-Global Environment Facility (GEF) supported ASEAN Peatland Forests Project (APFP 2009-2014), MAHFSA seeks to strengthen existing ASEAN regional coordination mechanisms to facilitate a more harmonised response to tackling the transboundary haze pollution problem and for promoting sustainable forest management and peatland conservation.

MAHFSA is systematising data and information management, and operationalising a flexible regional coordination platform for building capacity, harmonising programmes and projects, coordinating activities of stakeholders engaged in combating haze, and channelling multiple sources of finance to address the haze challenge.

MAHFSA also supports the review of the implementation of the Roadmap on ASEAN Cooperation towards the Transboundary Haze Pollution Control with Means of Implementation (Haze-Free Roadmap), as well as develop and operationalise the 10-year investment framework that will enable enhanced and coordinated implementation of haze and peatlands projects/programmes towards the haze-free ASEAN.

The expected outcomes of MAHFSA are:


Strengthened capacity of ASEAN to use information and results management systems for sustainable land and haze management


Improved availability and usage of knowledge products on peatland and haze management


Enhanced ASEAN regional multi-stakeholder coordination mechanisms and partnerships related to sustainable land and haze management

Total budget of MAHFSA is USD 3.5 million for a duration of 60 months (2019-2024), and is implemented collaboratively by the ASEAN Secretariat, Global Environment Centre (GEC), and the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR).

For more details of MAHFSA Programme, please download the flyer.



The Sustainable Management of Peatland Ecosystems in Mekong Countries Project (the Mekong Peatlands Project) is a GEF-6 funded project implemented in Cambodia, Lao PDR and Myanmar. The objective of the project is to sustainably manage peatland ecosystems in targeted countries and to conserve biodiversity and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, by:

  • assessing and documenting peatland ecosystems in the three countries;
  • strengthening institutional capacity and enabling policy and legal frameworks for sustainable peatland management at local, national and sub-regional levels;
  • demonstrating sustainable peatland management practices that conserve biodiversity, reduce GHG emissions and strengthen sustainable livelihoods for local communities.

At a regional level, the project aims to bring together key government officials and decision makers at ASEAN level forums to enhance regional cooperation, share knowledge and experience, and encourage the development of common guidelines and approaches for the conservation and sustainable use of peatland resources. At a country and local level, the project aims to raise awareness and build capacity of government at national, provincial and district levels, to improve their understanding of the functions and importance of peatland ecosystems, and mainstream peatlands into policies and plans to encourage conservation and sustainable use. At a community level, the project will support the demonstration of best practice approaches for sustainable peatland management and strengthen the sustainability of livelihoods.

The Project is implemented by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) through collaboration with executing partners and government agencies in respective Mekong countries (Cambodia, Lao PDR and Myanmar).

For more details on respective country profile under the Project, please download below documents:

For more details on the Mekong Peatlands Project, please visit this link or email:


ASEAN Haze Action Online