ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution

The Governments of the ten ASEAN Member Countries signed the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution  on 10 June 2002 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The Agreement is the first regional arrangement in the world that binds a group of contiguous states to tackle transboundary haze pollution resulting from land and forest fires. It has also been considered as a global role model for the tackling of transboundary issues.

The Agreement requires the Parties to the Agreement to:

(i) cooperate in developing and implementing measures to prevent, monitor, and mitigate transboundary haze pollution by controlling sources of land and/or forest fires, development of monitoring, assessment and early warning systems, exchange of information and technology, and the provision of mutual assistance;

(ii) respond promptly to a request for relevant information sought by a State or States that are or may be affected by such transboundary haze pollution, with a view to minimising the consequence of the transboundary haze pollution; and

(iii) take legal, administrative and/ or other measures to implement their obligations under the Agreement.

The Agreement establishes an ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Transboundary Haze Pollution Control to facilitate cooperation and coordination in managing the impact of land and forest fires in particular haze pollution arising from such fires. Pending the establishment of the Centre, ASEAN Secretariat and ASEAN Specialised Meteorological Centre (ASMC) co-performed the interim functions of the Centre.

The Agreement entered into force on 25 November 2003. To date, nine Member Countries, namely Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Viet Nam, have ratified the Haze Agreement. Click here to get the latest status of ratification.

First Meeting of Conference of the Parties (COP)11 November 2004Ha Noi, Viet Nam
COP-21 March 2007Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam
COP-35 September 2007Bangkok, Thailand
COP-48 October 2008Ha Noi, Viet Nam
COP-529 October 2009Singapore
COP-6 (back to back with 12th IAMME)11 October 2010Brunei Darussalam
COP-718 October 2011Phnom Penh, Cambodia
COP-826 September 2012Bangkok, Thailand
COP-925 September 2013Surabaya, Indonesia
COP-1030 October 2014Vientiane, Lao PDR
COP-1129 October 2015Hanoi, Vietnam
ASEAN Haze Action Online